Marijuana has been used for food, fiber, as fuel and medicine for at least 5000 years (maybe longer) but basically throughout recorded history. It had been “controversial” for most of the time – but controversies were often more political, cultural, and ideological than medical or scientific. Phytocannabinoids are unique to cannabis types. Most (but not all) botanists recognize three species of cannabis – C. indica, C. sativa, and C. ruderals. There are male, female, and hermaphrodite plants. There are many types of cannabis, some, such as industrial hemp, hybridization, and are chosen for fiber strength. (The high content of industrial hemp CBD was not originally planned – it was just the result of chance). Nowadays, some types might be illegal in most countries, while some others can be legal and be used for making CBD Oil.
Other strains have been chosen for high THC production, nutritional value, the balance of effects, resistance to disease, plant stabilization, or specific forms of trichomes – plant glands that contain high concentrations of cannabinoids.
In ancient Egypt, marijuana was known as “shemshemet”. Other ancient cultures include Sumerian, Akkadian, Chinese, Indian, Persian, Greek and Hebrew cultures using Cannabis for pain, migraines, parasitic infections, for glaucoma, for obstetric complaints, fertility problems, for reducing fever, for nausea, diarrhea, and other complaints digestion, muscle spasms and for mood disorders.
Hemp was an important agricultural product in the early American colonies – Virginia, in 1619 passed a law that required jute to be planted on every farm.
However, in the mid-1800s, it began to be replaced with cotton, at least for clothing. His cousin hemp and cannabis were used as medicine in the colonies, through the Revolutionary War and throughout the early decades of the 1900s. Doctors in the Eclectic Movement, naturopaths, chiropractors, homeopaths, and others use marijuana mainly as a sedative, pain relief and to improve digestive and cardiac functions. However, that soon changed.
The quality of medical schools during the 20th century has often been questioned and in 1910, The Flexner Report recommended that the number of medical schools is reduced, entry requirements be improved, that medical licenses be regulated and that doctors be trained as scientists